在解析 jwt 中的 Playload 部分的 base64 时遇到了错误.

报错代码

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enstr := "eyJBY2NvdW50SWQiOiIxIiwiQ2xpZW50IjoiIiwiRW1haWwiOiJ5YWt1Lm1pb3RvQGdtYWlsLmNvbSIsIk1hc3RlckZsYWciOnRydWUsImV4cCI6MTU0ODc0NTY5OSwidHlwZSI6ImVtcGxveWVlcyJ9"
// {"AccountId":"1","Client":"","Email":"yaku.mioto@gmail.com","MasterFlag":true,"exp":1548745699,"type":"employees"}

debytes, err := base64.StdEncoding.DecodeString(enstr)
if err := nil {
  // ...
  // err output: illegal base64 data at input byte xxx
}
// ...

源码: https://golang.org/src/encoding/base64/base64.go

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const (
  StdPadding rune = '=' // Standard padding character
  NoPadding  rune = -1  // No padding
)

const encodeStd = "ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz0123456789+/"
// StdEncoding is the standard base64 encoding, as defined in
// RFC 4648.
var StdEncoding = NewEncoding(encodeStd)

// RawStdEncoding is the standard raw, unpadded base64 encoding,
// as defined in RFC 4648 section 3.2.
// This is the same as StdEncoding but omits padding characters.
var RawStdEncoding = StdEncoding.WithPadding(NoPadding)

// NewEncoding returns a new padded Encoding defined by the given alphabet,
// which must be a 64-byte string that does not contain the padding character
// or CR / LF ('\r', '\n').
// The resulting Encoding uses the default padding character ('='),
// which may be changed or disabled via WithPadding.
func NewEncoding(encoder string) *Encoding {
  // ...
}

原因

jwtbase64 是去除填充物的, 所以不能使用 StdEncoding 应该使用 RawStdEncoding

所以代码应该是这样

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enstr := "eyJBY2NvdW50SWQiOiIxIiwiQ2xpZW50IjoiIiwiRW1haWwiOiJ5YWt1Lm1pb3RvQGdtYWlsLmNvbSIsIk1hc3RlckZsYWciOnRydWUsImV4cCI6MTU0ODc0NTY5OSwidHlwZSI6ImVtcGxveWVlcyJ9"
// {"AccountId":"1","Client":"","Email":"yaku.mioto@gmail.com","MasterFlag":true,"exp":1548745699,"type":"employees"}

debytes, err := base64.RawStdEncoding.DecodeString(enstr)
if err := nil {
  // ...
  // err output: illegal base64 data at input byte xxx
}
// ...

参考